[Better Reporting of Interventions: Template for Intervention Description and Replication (TIDieR) Checklist and Guide].
Hoffmann TC., associate professor of clinical epidemiology None., Glasziou PP., director and professor of evidence based medicine None., Boutron I., professor of epidemiology None., Milne R., professorial fellow in public health and director None., Perera R., university lecturer in medical statistics None., Moher D., senior scientist None., Altman DG., Douglas G Altman professor of statistics in medicine None., Barbour V., medicine editorial director, PLOS None., Macdonald H., assistant editor None., Johnston M., emeritus professor of health psychology None., Lamb SE., Kadoorie professor of trauma rehabilitation and co-director of Oxford clinical trials research unit None., Dixon-Woods M., professor of medical sociology None., McCulloch P., clinical reader in surgery None., Wyatt JC., leadership chair of ehealth research None., Chan Phelan A-W., scientist None., Michie S., professor None.
Without a complete published description of interventions, clinicians and patients cannot reliably implement interventions that are shown to be useful, and other researchers cannot replicate or build on research findings. The quality of description of interventions in publications, however, is remarkably poor. To improve the completeness of reporting, and ultimately the replicability, of interventions, an international group of experts and stakeholders developed the Template for Intervention Description and Replication (TIDieR) checklist and guide. The process involved a literature review for relevant checklists and research, a Delphi survey of an international panel of experts to guide item selection, and a face-to-face panel meeting. The resultant 12-item TIDieR checklist (brief name, why, what (materials), what (procedure), who intervened, how, where, when and how much, tailoring, modifications, how well (planned), how well (actually carried out)) is an extension of the CONSORT 2010 statement (item 5) and the SPIRIT 2013 statement (item 11). While the emphasis of the checklist is on trials, the guidance is intended to apply across all evaluative study designs. This paper presents the TIDieR checklist and guide, with a detailed explanation of each item, and examples of good reporting. The TIDieR checklist and guide should improve the reporting of interventions and make it easier for authors to structure the accounts of their interventions, reviewers and editors to assess the descriptions, and readers to use the information.