Improving bioscience research reporting: The arrive guidelines for reporting animal research
Kilkenny C., Browne WJ., Cuthill IC., Emerson M., Altman DG.
In the last decade the number of bioscience journals has increased enormously, with many filling specialised niches reflecting new disciplines and technologies. The emergence of open-access journals has revolutionised the publication process, maximising the availability of research data. Nevertheless, a wealth of evidence shows that across many areas, the reporting of biomedical research is often inadequate, leading to the view that even if the science is sound, in many cases the publications themselves are not "fit for purpose", meaning that incomplete reporting of relevant information effectively renders many publications of limited value as instruments to inform policy or clinical and scientific practice [1-21]. A recent review of clinical research showed that there is considerable cumulative waste of financial resources at all stages of the research process, including as a result of publications that are unusable due to poor reporting  . It is unlikely that this issue is confined to clinical research [2-14,16-20]. © 2014 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.