Comparison of a phytotherapeutic agent (Permixon) with an alpha-blocker (Tamsulosin) in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia: a 1-year randomized international study.
Debruyne F., Koch G., Boyle P., Da Silva FC., Gillenwater JG., Hamdy FC., Perrin P., Teillac P., Vela-Navarrete R., Raynaud J-P.
OBJECTIVE: While the lipido-sterolic extract of Serenoa repens (LSESr)-Permixon((R))-has been shown to have an equivalent efficacy to finasteride in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), to date, there has been no valid comparison of phytotherapy with alpha-blockers. The aim of this study was to assess the equivalent efficacy of Permixon and tamsulosin. METHODS: Eight hundred and eleven men with symptomatic BPH (I-PSS> or =10) were recruited in 11 European countries for a 12-month, double-blind randomized trial. After a 4-week run-in period, 704 patients were randomly assigned to either tamsulosin 0.4mg/day (N=354) or Permixon 320mg/day (N=350). I-PSS, QoL and Q(max) were evaluated at baseline and periodically for 1 year. Prostate volume and serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) were measured at selection and at endpoint. The endpoint analysis was performed on the per-protocol population of 542 patients (tamsulosin: N=273; Permixon: N=269). RESULTS: At 12 months, I-PSS decreased by 4.4in each group and no differences were observed in either irritative or obstructive symptom improvements. The increase in Q(max) was similar in both treatment groups (1.8ml/s Permixon, 1.9ml/s tamsulosin). PSA remained stable while prostate volume decreased slightly in the Permixon-treated patients. The two compounds were well tolerated, however, ejaculation disorders occurred more frequently in the tamsulosin group. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that Permixon and tamsulosin are equivalent in the medical treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms in men with BPH, during and up to 12 months of therapy.